ISTANBUL

Istanbul, a metropolis straddling Europe and Asia, the crossroads of the continental and maritime routes, whose history has shaped the destiny of this city to the two empires (Byzantine and Ottoman Empire), as evidenced by the different names that have attributed to this city with three names: Byzantium, Constantinople and Istanbul that unite... read more

Istambul, uma metrópole situada entre a Europa e a Ásia. Encruzilhada das rotas continentais e marítimas, cuja a História moldou o destino desta cidade aos dois impérios (Império Bizantino e Otomano), como evidenciado pelos diferentes nomes atribuídos a esta cidade: Bizâncio, Constantinopla e Istambul, que... ler mais

150 panoramas 360 from Istanbul.

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150 panoramas 360 de Istanbul.

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TOPKAPI

TOPKAPI

The Topkapı Palace is a large museum in Istanbul. In the 15th century, it served as the main residence and administrative headquarters of the Ottoman sultans.
Construction began in 1459, ordered by Mehmed the Conqueror, six years after the conquest of Constantinople. Topkapı was originally called the "New Palace" (Yeni Saray) to distinguish it from the Old Palace in Beyazıt Square. It was given the name Topkapı, meaning Cannon Gate, in the 19th century. The complex was expanded over the centuries, with major renovations after the 1509 earthquake and the 1665 fire. The palace complex consists of four main courtyards and many smaller buildings. Female members of the Sultan's family lived in the harem, and leading state officials, including the Grand vizier, held meetings in the Imperial Council building.
After the 17th century, Topkapı gradually lost its importance. The sultans of that period preferred to spend more time in their new palaces along the Bosphorus. In 1856, Sultan Abdulmejid I decided to move the court to the newly built Dolmabahçe Palace. Topkapı retained some of its functions including the imperial treasury, library and mint.

Topkapi_Plan.jpg

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Following the end of the Ottoman Empire in 1923, Topkapı was transformed into a museum by a government decree dated April 3, 1924. The Topkapı Palace Museum is administered by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism. The palace complex has hundreds of rooms and chambers, but only the most important are accessible to the public today, including the Ottoman Imperial Harem and the treasury, called hazine where the Spoonmaker's Diamond and Topkapi Dagger are on display.

The museum collection also includes Ottoman clothing, weapons, armor, miniatures, religious relics, and illuminated manuscripts like the Topkapi manuscript. The complex is guarded by officials of the ministry as well as armed guards of the Turkish military. Topkapı Palace is part the Historic Areas of Istanbul, a group of sites in Istanbul that were added to the UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.

SULTANAHMET

GRAND BAZAAR - Kapalı Çarşı

HAGIA SOPHIA

SPICE BAZAAR

BEYOGLU & GALATA

BOSPHORE & EAST SIDE

GAZI RACE - JOCKEY CLUB

 

Greco-Roman antiquity, medieval Greek Christianity and Muslim fascination. In the Sultanahmet district, the open-air racetrack dating back to Roman times has hosted chariot races for several centuries, and Egyptian obelisks are still standing. The iconic Byzantine Hagia Sophia Museum includes an imposing 6th century dome and rare Christian mosaics. To the south, old Stamboul or ancient Constantinople. North of the Golden Horn, Galata and Pera, the old Latin districts.

unem a antiguidade greco-romana, o cristianismo grego medieval e o fascínio muçulmano. No distrito de Sultanahmet, a pista do Hippodromo ao ar livre que remonta ao tempo dos romanos, sediou corridas de bigas por vários séculos, e os obeliscos egípcios que ainda estão de pé. O icônico Museu Bizantino Hagia Sophia inclui uma imponente cúpula do século VI e raros mosaicos cristãos. No sul, a antiga Stamboul ou a antiga Constantinopla. Ao norte do Chifre Dourado, Galata e Pera, os antigos distritos latinos.

© 2019 by Dudu Tresca.

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